The main concern in today’s world is all about two things: first, wastage of water and electricity and second, pollution which is all over. Despite knowing the effects of wasting water and electricity humans are still not afraid to waste such perishable resources. But this has to stop somewhere for the future generations to survive. Therefore we have come up with a solution to this problem, our project NEXT-TECH SOLUTIONS. With the help of this project we could stop the wastage of water and electricity in an urban household by about 100%. This can be achieved by installing a mesh cluster of different sensors using an IoT hub around the house which can monitor and take suitable action to preserve water and electricity resources.

An example – when leaving in a hurry we generally forget to turn off the fans, lights and electronic gadgets, which stay ON for hours and waste a lot of electricity. Our project can sense if there is anyone present in the room when the electric gadgets are ON. If there happens to be no one in the room and the devices stay ON for a certain time the sensors detect and notify the user and he can control the devices from anywhere in the world using our app in his mobile device. The same can be applied for water control as well. An example -- while brushing our teeth we keep the water tap running without even realizing its wasted. Our project implemented will sense the object (human hand) from all different objects below the tap and only then open the tap water flow. This will help to prevent a lot of water been wasted and also give automation control to the faucet which previously needed to be manually opened and closed causing a lot of water wastage in both of the above mentioned cases. The real-time information of how much electricity and water is been used can be monitored by our app and will help the user to get control over the excess and unnecessary usage.

Also, Pollution is a rapid increasing issue which is present all over the world, and is slowly creating a huge risk for people living in urban areas. Our project implemented can continuously monitor the levels of air pollution outside the house and if it increases beyond a certain given threshold, the sensor detects it and the hub takes necessary actions which will help to reduce the risk of pollution spreading in the area. An example - if pollution is detected in the air the hub will automatically alert the user and close all the windows and power on the air conditioners to purify the air levels, making it safer to breath and live in. Also it will warn the remote user about the toxic poisonous polluted air. In the same way if there is polluted water entering the water supply tank, the water will be stopped at the main supply of the house,. It will be stored separately, filtered, and used for other purposes such as gardening, bike washing, etc.

If this project is implemented in each and every urban house, the clustered data received about pollution of air, water, sound, excess wastage of electricity, household risky factors etc. can then be sent to the user and the government, within a region which will help the government to take suitable action to reduce these problems.

Inspiration

IoT has been all the rage over the past couple of years. The extensive use of sensors and wireless connectivity among devices has increased to the trend. The increase brings in turn, easily availability and use of technology inspires hobbyists, and enthusiast students like us to explore and make creative projects. Connecting everything to everything and accessing it from any where seems like a good idea,which can be very helpful for the future upcoming generations.

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